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tar 사용법?관련글 : http://blog.keun.kr/471

Usage: tar [OPTION…] [FILE]…
GNU `tar’ saves many files together into a single tape or disk archive, and can
restore individual files from the archive.

Examples:
? tar -cf archive.tar foo bar? # Create archive.tar from files foo and bar.
? tar -tvf archive.tar???????? # List all files in archive.tar verbosely.
? tar -xf archive.tar????????? # Extract all files from archive.tar.

?Main operation mode:

? -A, –catenate, –concatenate?? append tar files to an archive
? -c, –create?????????????? create a new archive
? -d, –diff, –compare????? find differences between archive and file system
????? –delete?????????????? delete from the archive (not on mag tapes!)
? -r, –append?????????????? append files to the end of an archive
? -t, –list???????????????? list the contents of an archive
? -u, –update?????????????? only append files newer than copy in archive
? -x, –extract, –get?????? extract files from an archive

?Operation modifiers:

? -g, –listed-incremental=FILE?? handle new GNU-format incremental backup
? -G, –incremental????????? handle old GNU-format incremental backup
????? –ignore-failed-read?? do not exit with nonzero on unreadable files
? -k, –keep-old-files?????? don’t replace existing files when extracting
????? –keep-newer-files???? don’t replace existing files that are newer than their archive copies
????? –no-overwrite-dir???? preserve metadata of existing directories
? -n, –seek???????????????? Archive is seekable
????? –occurrence[=NUMBER]? process only the NUMth occurrence of each file in the archive. This option is valid only in conjunction with one of the subcommands –delete, –diff, –extract or –list and when a list of files is given either on the command line or via -T option. NUMBER defaults to 1.
????? –overwrite??????????? overwrite existing files when extracting
? -O, –to-stdout??????????? extract files to standard output
????? –recursive-unlink???? empty hierarchies prior to extracting directory
????? –remove-files???????? remove files after adding them to the archive
? -S, –sparse?????????????? handle sparse files efficiently
? -U, –unlink-first???????? remove each file prior to extracting over it
? -W, –verify?????????????? attempt to verify the archive after writing it

?Handling of file attributes:

????? –acls???????????????? Save the ACLs to the archive
????? –atime-preserve?????? don’t change access times on dumped files
????? –group=NAME?????????? force NAME as group for added files
????? –mode=CHANGES???????? force (symbolic) mode CHANGES for added files
? -m, –touch??????????????? don’t extract file modified time
????? –no-acls????????????? Don’t extract the ACLs from the archive
????? –no-same-owner??????? extract files as yourself
????? –no-same-permissions? do not extract permissions information
????? –no-selinux?????????? Don’t extract the SELinux context from the archive
???????????????????????????
????? –no-xattrs??????????? Don’t extract the user/root xattrs from the archive
????? –numeric-owner??????? always use numbers for user/group names
????? –owner=NAME?????????? force NAME as owner for added files
? -p, –preserve-permissions, –same-permissions extract permissions information
????? –preserve???????????? same as both -p and -s
????? –same-owner?????????? try extracting files with the same ownership
? -s, –preserve-order, –same-order sort names to extract to match archive
????? –selinux????????????? Save the SELinux context to the archive
????? –xattrs?????????????? Save the user/root xattrs to the archive

?Device selection and switching:

? -f, –file=ARCHIVE???????? use archive file or device ARCHIVE
????? –force-local????????? archive file is local even if has a colon
? -F, –info-script=NAME, –new-volume-script=NAME run script at end of each tape (implies -M)
? -L, –tape-length=NUMBER?? change tape after writing NUMBER x 1024 bytes
? -M, –multi-volume???????? create/list/extract multi-volume archive
????? –rmt-command=COMMAND? use given rmt COMMAND instead of rmt
????? –rsh-command=COMMAND? use remote COMMAND instead of rsh
????? –volno-file=FILE????? use/update the volume number in FILE

?Device blocking:

? -b, –blocking-factor=BLOCKS?? BLOCKS x 512 bytes per record
? -B, –read-full-records??? reblock as we read (for 4.2BSD pipes)
? -i, –ignore-zeros???????? ignore zeroed blocks in archive (means EOF)
????? –record-size=NUMBER?? SIZE bytes per record, multiple of 512

?Archive format selection:

? -H, –format=FORMAT??????? create archive of the given format.

?FORMAT is one of the following:

??? gnu????????????????????? GNU tar 1.13.x format
??? oldgnu?????????????????? GNU format as per tar <= 1.12
??? pax????????????????????? POSIX 1003.1-2001 (pax) format
??? posix??????????????????? Same as pax
??? ustar??????????????????? POSIX 1003.1-1988 (ustar) format
??? v7?????????????????????? old V7 tar format

? -j, –bzip2??????????????? filter the archive through bzip2
????? –old-archive, –portability same as –format=v7
????? –pax-option=keyword[[:]=value][,keyword[[:]=value], …] control pax keywords
????? –posix??????????????? same as –format=posix
????? –use-compress-program=PROG filter through PROG (must accept -d)
? -V, –label=TEXT?????????? create archive with volume name NAME. At list/extract time, use TEXT as a globbing pattern
? -z, –gzip, –gunzip, –ungzip?? filter the archive through gzip
? -Z, –compress, –uncompress?? filter the archive through compress

?Local file selection:

????? –after-date=DATE????? same as -N
????? –anchored???????????? exclude patterns match file name start
????? –backup[=CONTROL]???? backup before removal, choose version CONTROL
? -C, –directory=DIR??????? change to directory DIR
????? –exclude=PATTERN????? exclude files, given as a PATTERN
????? –exclude-caches?????? exclude directories containing a cache tag
? -h, –dereference????????? dump instead the files symlinks point to
????? –ignore-case????????? exclusion ignores case
? -K, –starting-file=MEMBER-NAME begin at member MEMBER-NAME in the archive
????? –newer-mtime=DATE???? compare date and time when data changed only
????? –no-anchored????????? exclude patterns match after any / (default)
????? –no-ignore-case?????? exclusion is case sensitive (default)
????? –no-recursion???????? avoid descending automatically in directories
????? –no-wildcards???????? exclude patterns are plain strings
????? –no-wildcards-match-slash?? exclude pattern wildcards do not match ‘/’
????? –null???????????????? -T reads null-terminated names, disable -C
? -N, –newer=DATE-OR-FILE?? only store files newer than DATE-OR-FILE
????? –one-file-system????? stay in local file system when creating archive
? -P, –absolute-names?????? don’t strip leading `/’s from file names
????? –recursion??????????? recurse into directories (default)
????? –strip-components=NUMBER?? strip NUMBER leading components from file names
????? –suffix=STRING??????? backup before removal, override usual suffix (‘~’ unless overridden by environment variable SIMPLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX
? -T, –files-from=FILE-OF-NAMES?? get names to extract or create from file NAME
????? –wildcards??????????? exclude patterns use wildcards (default)
????? –wildcards-match-slash?? exclude pattern wildcards match ‘/’ (default)
? -X, –exclude-from=FILE??? exclude patterns listed in FILE

?Informative output:

????? –checkpoint?????????? display progress messages every 10th record
? -v, –verbose????????????? verbosely list files processed

????? –check-links????????? print a message if not all links are dumped
????? –index-file=FILE????? send verbose output to FILE
? -R, –block-number???????? show block number within archive with each message
????? –show-defaults??????? Show tar defaults
????? –show-omitted-dirs??? When listing or extracting, list each directory that does not match search criteria
????? –totals?????????????? print total bytes written while creating archive
????? –utc????????????????? print file modification dates in UTC
? -w, –interactive, –confirmation ask for confirmation for every action

?Compatibility options:

????? –allow-name-mangling? when creating, allow GNUTYPE_NAMES mangling –considered dangerous
? -o???????????????????????? when creating, same as –old-archive. When extracting, same as –no-same-owner

?Other options:

? -?, –help???????????????? Give this help list
????? –license????????????? Print license and exit
????? –usage??????????????? Give a short usage message
????? –version????????????? Print program version

Mandatory or optional arguments to long options are also mandatory or optional
for any corresponding short options.

The backup suffix is `~’, unless set with –suffix or SIMPLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX.
The version control may be set with –backup or VERSION_CONTROL, values are:

? t, numbered???? make numbered backups
? nil, existing?? numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise
? never, simple?? always make simple backups

*This* tar defaults to:
–format=gnu -f- -b20 –rmt-command=/sbin/rmt –rsh-command=/usr/bin/rsh

Report bugs to <bug-tar@gnu.org>.

CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.